Human immunodeficiency virus
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) causes AIDS and attacks the immune system which leaves the body vulnerable to fatal infections and cancers.
- 90% of people with HIV were infected through sexual contact
- HIV cannot be passed through spitting, biting, sharing utensils, or toilet seats
- Only 1% of newborn babies to HIV positive mothers contract HIV
- There is no cure and vaccine for HIV
HIV can be passed on through bodily fluids. The most common method of transmission is through sex without a condom or by sharing infected needles or syringes.